Hubby and I have been monitoring our baby’s immunization and I am glad that he is done with the EPI or Expanded Program of Immunization.
What is EPI or Expanded Program of Immunization?
EPI is a standard vaccine schedule created by the World Health Organization with an objective to make vaccine available to all children all over the world. In the Philippines, the EPI began last July 1979 with the following vaccines:
BCG. This vaccine should be given at the earliest possible age ideally during the first two months of the baby. BCG or Bacillus Calmette-Guerin is a vaccine against tuberculosis.
Measles. Measles vaccine is given at nine months of age but could be given as early as six months of age incase of measles outbreaks.
Hepatitis B. Given in three doses. The first dose is given within the first 12 hours of life. Doses should be given atleast 4 weeks intervals. A fourth dose is needed if the third dose is given at six months, if no dose is given using EPI schedule of 6, 10 and 14 weeks. Preterms baby less than 2kg initial dose should not be counted in the 3 dose immunization schedule.
DTwP Vaccine. A vaccine consisting of Diphtheria Toxoid, Tetanus Toxoid, and whole-cell Pertussis vaccine . The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough and is usually combine with Hib vaccine and will protect Hib disease. It is given during 6 to 24 weeks of age.
IPV Vaccine. Inactive Polio Vaccine is given to children if four doses. First dose should be at two months, second dose at four months, third dose at sixth to eighteen months and a booster dose at four to six years old.
Protect your child from diseases, ensure that he has all those vaccine. It is a bit pricey if you have it in a private hospital but if you have the budget, then go for it. Public Hospitals and health centers offer those vaccines for free.